In 1959, Fidel Castro found energy in an equipped revolt that overthrew Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.

The government distrusted Castro and had been wary of their relationship with Nikita Khrushchev, the best choice on the Soviet Union.

Before his inauguration, John F. Kennedy was actually briefed on a strategy by the middle Intelligence Agency (CIA) developed while in the Eisenhower administration to coach Cuban exiles for an attack of their homeland. The program anticipated your Cuban people and elements of the Cuban military would support the attack. The greatest goals ended up being the overthrow of Castro and the facilities of a non-communist authorities warm into U . S ..


Chairman Eisenhower authorized this program in March 1960. The CIA created training camps in Guatemala, by November the process have educated a tiny army for an assault getting and guerilla warfare.

Jose Miro Cardona directed the anti-Castro Cuban exiles in the us. An old member of Castro’s government, he had been your head for the Cuban Progressive Council, an exile committee. Cardona was poised to dominate the provisional presidency of Cuba in the event that intrusion been successful.

Despite effort with the government to help keep the intrusion projects covert, they became public knowledge among Cuban exiles in Miami. Through Cuban intelligence, Castro discovered for the guerilla training camps in Guatemala since October 1960, plus the newspapers reported generally on events because they unfolded.

Soon after his inauguration, in February 1961, chairman Kennedy approved the attack strategy. But he was determined to disguise U.S. help. The landing point within Bay of Pigs is part of the deception. Your website had been an isolated swampy place about south shore of Cuba, where per night getting might bring a force ashore over small opposition which help to hide any U.S. participation. Unfortuitously, the landing website additionally remaining the invading energy a lot more than 80 miles from sanctuary in Cuba’s Escambray hills, if things gone wrong.

The Program

The first invasion plan needed two environment hits against Cuban air basics. A 1,400-man attack energy would disembark under cover of dark and release a shock fight. Paratroopers dropped in advance of the intrusion would interrupt transport and repel Cuban power. Simultaneously, a smaller power would land about east shore of Cuba to produce confusion.

The main force would progress throughout the isle to Matanzas along with upwards a defensive situation. The United groundbreaking front side would submit frontrunners from South Fl and determine a provisional government. The success of the master plan depended on Cuban populace joining the invaders.

The Attack

Initial accident taken place on April 15, 1961, whenever eight bombers remaining Nicaragua to bomb Cuban airfields.

The CIA had utilized obsolete World War II B-26 bombers, and painted them to look like Cuban environment energy airplanes. The bombers overlooked quite a few of their goals and leftover the majority of Castro’s atmosphere power intact. As news broke in the assault, photos on the repainted U.S. airplanes turned into public and revealed American support when it comes to intrusion. President Kennedy terminated the second air attack.

On April 17, the Cuban-exile intrusion power, titled Brigade 2506, arrived at coastlines along the Bay of Pigs and instantly emerged under hefty flames. Cuban planes strafed the intruders, sank two escort ships, and ruined half of the exile’s environment service. Poor weather affected the ground power, which in fact had to utilize soggy equipment and inadequate ammo.

The Counterattack

Across the after that twenty four hours, Castro bought about 20,000 troops to upfront toward the seashore, and the Cuban atmosphere power carried on to regulate the heavens. Since situation expanded progressively grim, President Kennedy authorized an “air-umbrella” at start on April 19—six unmarked American fighter airplanes shot to popularity to assist safeguard the brigade’s B-26 aircraft flying. But the planes appeared an hour or so later, probably baffled of the change in energy areas between Nicaragua and Cuba. These people were shot straight down from the Cubans, and invasion got smashed after that time.

Some exiles escaped into the sea, whilst the rest happened to be slain or curved up-and imprisoned by Castro’s power. Very nearly 1,200 people in Brigade 2506 surrendered, and more than 100 are murdered.

The Aftermath

The brigade inmates stayed in captivity for 20 months, due to the fact US discussed a great deal with Fidel Castro. Attorneys General Robert F. Kennedy generated individual pleas for benefits from pharmaceutical providers and child delicacies providers, and Castro eventually satisfied on $53 million really worth of kid food and medicine in exchange for the inmates.

On December 23, 1962, merely 8 weeks after the Cuban Missile problems, an airplane containing the most important group of freed inmates arrived in the usa. Seven days later, on Saturday, December 29, surviving brigade members collected for a ceremony in Miami’s lime Bowl, the spot where the brigade’s banner is handed over to President Kennedy. “I’m able to assure your,” the chairman assured, “that this banner Laredo TX escort is going to be gone back to this brigade in a free of charge Havana.”

The tragedy from the Bay of Pigs got a lasting impact on the Kennedy administration. Determined to create up the unsuccessful intrusion, the government initiated process Mongoose—a propose to sabotage and destabilize the Cuban government and economy, which included the possibility of assassinating Castro.

Browse archival materials and declassified “” inside info “” paperwork regarding Cuba, Prime Minister of Cuba Fidel Castro, and a suggestion for a Cuban Freedom Brigade.